Country of Origin: Morocco
Registries: FCI, UKC,DRA
Breed Group: FCI: Group 2 Section 2 #247, UKC: Guardian Dog
Occupation: Guarding and hunting
Size: Height:  22-26 inches (56-66 cm)
Weight: 44-62 lbs (20-28 kg)
Lifespan: 10-11 years
Exercise: Long daily walks
Training: Obedience, socialization
Grooming: Easy
Colors: Black, brown, brindle, cream or cream sable, or red or red sable, all with or without black mask or any amount of white

Aidi Breed Overview

The Aidi dog breed, also known as the Algerian Shepherd dog, Kabyle, and Duarian dog, is a medium-sized, hardy breed originating from Morocco and the Atlas Mountains. As a mountain dog, Aidis are particularly popular as guardians, protecting their owner’s flock of sheep and goats from wild animals such as wolves and thieves. They are also utilized in hunting due to their exceptional sense of smell. The Moroccan Kennel Association works tirelessly to ensure the preservation and continuation of this agile and energetic breed, which remains largely unknown outside its home country. Aidis are characterized by their thick coat, which forms a mane around the neck, providing protection from both the heat and the cold in mountainous environments. They are held in high regard by nomads and hunters alike for their endurance and adaptability.

Aidi: The Atlas Mountain Dog

The Aidi breed is also frequently referred to as the Atlas Mountain Dog, a name that emphasizes their origin in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. This rugged, mountainous environment has shaped the Aidi’s characteristics, including their thick coat, agility, and endurance. As an indigenous breed to this region, the Aidi has been an essential companion to the local people, acting as both a guardian and hunter. The moniker “Atlas Mountain Dog” not only connects the breed to its geographical roots but also highlights the unique qualities that make Aidis well-suited for life in challenging terrain.

Aidi Breed History

The history of the Aidi dog breed is not well-documented, but it is believed that they are related to many mountain dog breeds found throughout eastern Europe and Turkey. Their primary purpose was to guard livestock from predators and thieves, but Moroccans also employed them in hunting due to their keen sense of smell. Despite their rich history and cultural significance, little is known about the Aidi dog breed outside of their native region.

Aidi Breed Size

  • Males: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm) at the shoulder, 55-62 pounds (25-28 kg)
  • Females: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm) at the shoulder, 44-55 pounds (20-25 kg)

The Aidi breed exhibits sexual dimorphism, with males generally being larger than females. They are medium-sized dogs with a well-proportioned, muscular, and sturdy body without excessive bulk. Their powerful build, combined with their agility and endurance, makes them well-suited for their role as guardians and hunters.

Aidi Breed Temperament

Aidi dogs are known for their loyalty, courage, and devotion to their owners. They are intelligent, alert, and highly adaptable, making them effective guardians and hunting dogs. As a working breed, they require consistent mental stimulation and physical activity to remain content and well-behaved. Aidis are naturally protective of their family and territory, so early socialization is crucial to prevent excessive wariness or aggression towards strangers and other animals. Although they can be stubborn, they are also eager to please, making them a good fit for experienced dog owners who can provide firm, consistent training.

Aidi Pictures

These Aidi pictures beautifully showcase the breed’s characteristics, capturing their unique qualities and the roles they excel in. These images highlight the powerful, muscular build of the Aidi, as well as their expressive eyes, thick mane, and diverse coat colors. By focusing on their natural instincts as guardians and hunters, the pictures provide a fascinating glimpse into the world of the Aidi. For those interested in learning more about this lesser-known, yet truly exceptional breed, these images offer a visual exploration of the Aidi’s distinctive features and abilities.

Aidi Breed Health

Common health issues seen in the Aidi breed include:

  1. Hip dysplasia
  2. Elbow dysplasia
  3. Bloat (gastric torsion)
  4. Allergies
  5. Ear infections

Aidis are generally a healthy and robust breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues like any other breed. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and consistent grooming will help maintain their overall health and well-being.

Aidi Grooming Needs

The Aidi’s thick, semi-long coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and remove loose hair. A grooming routine should include:

  1. Brushing the coat at least twice a week
  2. Cleaning the ears to prevent ear infections
  3. Trimming the nails as needed
  4. Regular dental care, including brushing teeth and providing dental chews

By following a consistent grooming plan, owners can help keep their Aidi’s coat healthy and prevent common health issues related to poor hygiene.

Aidi Breed Diet

A balanced diet is essential for the Aidi’s health and well-being. Example foods include:

  1. High-quality dry kibble
  2. Canned food
  3. Raw or dehydrated majood
  4. Fresh vegetables and fruits
  5. Lean meats and fish

It’s important to choose a diet that meets the specific nutritional needs of the Aidi breed, taking into account their age, size, activity level, and any existing health concerns. Consult with a veterinarian to create a personalized diet plan for your Aidi dog, and always monitor their weight and overall condition to ensure optimal health.

Aidi Exercise Requirements

Aidis require a significant amount of daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Example exercises include:

  1. Long walks or hikes
  2. Off-leash playtime in a securely fenced area
  3. Agility or obedience training
  4. Fetch or other interactive games

Due to their high energy and working breed background, Aidis thrive on regular physical activity and mental stimulation. Providing a variety of exercise opportunities will help keep them happy, healthy, and well-behaved.

Aidi Training Tips

Aidis are intelligent, loyal, and eager to please, making them highly trainable with the right approach. They can be stubborn, so it’s essential to establish yourself as a consistent and firm leader. Using positive reinforcement techniques, such as praise and rewards, will motivate your Aidi to learn and follow commands. Early socialization and obedience training will help curb any undesirable behaviors, such as excessive wariness or aggression.

Living Conditions

Aidis are best suited for rural or suburban environments with ample space to roam and explore. They are not well-adapted to apartment living due to their size, exercise requirements, and natural guarding instincts. This breed may not be suitable for families with small children or inexperienced dog owners, as they require a knowledgeable and consistent handler for proper training and socialization. Additionally, households with multiple pets should take care to introduce an Aidi slowly and monitor interactions closely, as they can be territorial and protective.


Proper socialization is crucial for the Aidi breed, as they have a natural inclination to be wary of strangers and protective of their family and territory. Early exposure to a variety of people, animals, and environments will help your Aidi develop into a well-rounded, confident, and well-behaved companion. Regular visits to dog parks, obedience classes, and neighborhood walks will provide ample socialization opportunities.


The Aidi dog breed is a loyal, courageous, and devoted guardian with a rich history in Morocco and the Atlas Mountains. With their thick, protective coat and agile, muscular build, they are well-adapted to their role as protectors and hunters. Owners of Aidis should be prepared to provide consistent training, socialization, and ample exercise to keep these intelligent and energetic dogs happy and healthy. With proper care and attention, the Aidi dog can be a rewarding companion for experienced dog owners who appreciate the breed’s unique qualities and heritage.



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